Personality is everything that makes up a person's individuality. It is the sum of a person's perceptions, behaviors, cognitions, and emotions. Peter Graff, MA, PhD, specializes in working with people with extraordinary personalities. This means helping people with personality disorders and personality accentuations that cause significant stress, suffering, or impairment. He also supports people in their personality development through counseling and coaching.
What are personality disorders?
According to the American Psychiatric Society's Diagnostic and Statistical Guide to Mental Disorders (DSM-5), a personality disorder is diagnosed based on a number of criteria. All personality disorders meet the following criteria:
An enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual's culture. This pattern is manifested in two (or more) of the following areas:
Cognition (i.e., ways of perceiving and interpreting self, other people, and events).
Affectivity (i.e., the range, intensity, lability, and appropriateness of emotional response).
The enduring pattern is inflexible and pervasive across a broad range of personal and social situations.
The enduring pattern leads to clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
The pattern is stable and of long duration, and its onset can be traced back at least to adolescence or early adulthood.
The enduring pattern is not better explained as a manifestation or consequence of another mental disorder.
The enduring pattern is not attributable to the physiological effects of a substance (e.g., drugs, medication) or another medical condition (e.g., head trauma).
If you have been diagnosed with or think you might have a personality disorder, psychotherapy can help. On the following sub-pages you will find more information about the ten personality disorders differentiated in the DSM-5.
If you think you might suffer from a personality disorder, or if you have already been diagnosed with a personality disorder, schedule your first appointment today.